SPL Gemini Mastering M/S Processor w/ Balance, and Stereo Width Controls, All Black
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Mastering M/S Processor
Gemini is the first mid/side processor in 120V technology. In mastering, M/S processing is often the best way to get targeted access to individual elements of a mix.
The decomposition of the stereo signal in mid (voice, snare, bass …) and side (guitars, pads, cymbals …) allows their separate processing.
The center signal (Mid) is the sum of the left and right channel of the stereo signal (L+R), i.e. the “in phase” part of the stereo signal.
The side signal (Side) is the difference of the left and right channels of the stereo signal (L-R), i.e. the “out-of-phase” part of the stereo signal.
Gemini can also be used to enlarge or reduce the stereo image. An elliptical filter for shifting the low frequency component from the side to the mid is also on board.
When the M/S button is activated, the input signal (L/R stereo) is split into a mid and side signals.
The exact center position can be adjusted with the Balance control and the exact level with the Trim control. Both functions are switchable to be in the signal path only when in use
Exclusive monitoring of the center is possible when the solo function is activated.
Processors can be inserted to process the mid signal and activated with the Insert button.
The side signal also has a solo function and a switchable insert for external processing.
In addition, the elliptical filter can be used to shift the bass frequencies from the side to the mid. This improves the punch and precision of low frequencies. The Stereo Width control changes the level of the side signal, with a level increase broadening the stereo image.
These two functions can also be switched on to be in the signal path only when used.
I/Os and Inserts
All inputs and outputs as well as sends and returns are balanced using Neutrik XLR connectors.
Processors can be connected to the inserts for external processing.
Especially interesting is the integration of the Gemini into the Hermes Mastering Router. In this way, processing chains can be created that combine classic L/R processing with M/S processing.
Gemini & Hermes
The M/S encoder and decoder stages of the Gemini can each be connected to an insert of the Hermes and freely positioned within the processing chain.
Processors that are in a chain between M/S encoder and decoder process the mid/side signal. These processors can also easily be mono devices.
In the example above, Insert Send A is routed to Gemini for M/S encoding. The mid/side sends of the Gemini go back to Return A of the Hermes.
Send B goes from Hermes back to the Gemini to be encoded back to L/R, which flows from the output of the Gemini back to Return B of Hermes.
For example, it is possible (see figure above) to place the M/S encoder at processing position 3, an equalizer at processing position 4 for separate processing of the mid and side signals, and then the M/S decoder stage of the Gemini at processing position 5 to generate an L/R stereo signal again.
If a compressor is now to be used as an additional device for M/S processing, it can simply be set to processing position 5 in the chain, and the M/S decoder stage would move to processing position 6 accordingly.
The 120V technology
The 120V technology is our reference technology. The 120V technology is unique in the world. It operates at a DC voltage of 120 volts. This is four times that of IC-based semiconductor op-amps.
The 120V technology works with +/-60 V. To be able to handle such a high voltage, we have developed special proprietary operational amplifiers that can operate with a DC voltage of +/-60 V: the SPL 120V SUPRA operational amplifiers.
This high voltage would destroy conventional components and operational amplifiers.
The idea for SPL 120V technology and the SUPRA operational amplifier based on this technology were developed in the 1990s by SPL founder and chief developer Wolfgang Neumann.
With the goal of building the best mastering console ever, this basic technological philosophy then took shape for the first time – thus the SPL MMC1 Mastering Console for Galaxy Studios saw the light of day in 2000.
Since that time, 120V technology has been the foundation for all SPL premium products. Meanwhile, not only for mastering applications, but also for the, studio or hifi use.
By the way, the “120V” in the name of the technology has nothing to do with the local mains voltage from the mains power socket. This is about the operating voltage inside the device with which the audio signals are processed.
The mains voltage from the mains power socket is transformed to the required secondary voltage in the device’s internal linear power supply with toroidal transformer. Rectifiers convert this AC voltage into DC voltage required in the audio device.
The outstanding sonic and technical features quickly got around in the scene – so further orders were not long in coming.
Besides the MMC 1, another legendary product with 120V technology was created with the PQ, the “King of Parametric Equalizers”.
Analog inputs & output; XLR (balanced)
- Maximum input & output gain: 32,5 dBu
- Input impedance: 20 kΩ
- Output impedance: 75 Ω
- Common mode rejection: -79 dBu
- Frequency range (-3 dB): 10 Hz – 150 kHz
- Crosstalk (1 kHz): -108 dBu
- THD + N (0 dBu, 1 kHz):-110 dBu
- Noise (A-weighted), all stages active): -98,2 dBu
Dynamic range: 135 dB
- Internal Linear Power Supply with Shielded Toroidal Transformer
- Operating voltage for analog audio: +/- 60 V
- Operating voltage for relays and LEDs: + 12 V
Mains Power Supply
- Mains voltage (selectable, see fuse chamber): 230 V AC / 50; 115 V AC / 60 Hz
- Fuse for 230 V: T 500 mA
- Fuse for 115 V: T 1 A
- Power consumption: max. 40 VA
Dimensions & Weight
- W x H x D (width x height x depth): 482 x 44 x 300 mm, 19 x 1,73 x 11,8 inch
- Unit weight: 5 kg, 11,02 lbs
- Shipping weight (incl. packaging) : 6.8 kg, 14,99 lbs